The reasons behind differences and similarities between cultures

If they are valid examples of the values, then these spontaneously produced exemplars should be correctly regarded as value instantiations; that is, when presented with an exemplar, people should be able to identify the value that elicited it.

How are cultures similar

They received course credits in exchange for their participation. Procedure Participants were asked to list typical situations in which they considered each value to be important. By Sue Bryant 19th February Cultural similarities vs. The participants were asked to choose whether they preferred option a or b. Indian participants used more negations, which itself is an interesting finding, reflecting the fact that they seemed to focus more on what a value does not mean. Polychronic cultures include the French and the Americans. We hope that future research addresses the generalizability of our findings in divergent cultural contexts. An outsider watching a party of professors and graduate students typically cannot tell them apart.

In the last three decades, researchers have asked people to rate diverse values in terms of their importance as guiding principles in their lives. The data were analyzed separately for each value and country.

If culture shapes how values are instantiated, people in each country should have a common understanding of values. The present research has several limitations. The cut-off point was set to identify prospective typical instantiations, and we noted which behaviors were mentioned 10 times or more by at least five participants in one country.

Cultural differences between countries

That is, the same values have been grouped together in most countries, resulting in the view that values within a cluster are motivationally compatible. Participants in the United Kingdom Of the participants in the United Kingdom, were psychology undergraduate students, and were other members of Cardiff University students or staff. Moreover, even if the imagined relationship type does not differ across cultures, perceived emotional closeness to a person at a given social distance might differ between cultures. Just watch the way they walk down the street. In Rachlin and Jones , Experiment 3 , c was 1. Implications Interactions between high and low context peoples can be problematic. Hyperbolic with exponent functions with social distance for all the participants German: A, Japan: B. Adjacent value types are motivationally compatible and hence positively correlated, whereas opposing value types are expected to be motivationally incompatible and negatively related. Given these findings, how is it that people often persist in believing that people from different countries hold different values?

The frequencies of these words are nevertheless listed in the Supplementary Materials. A high context culture is one in which the communicators assume a great deal of commonality of knowledge and views, so that less is spelled out explicitly and much more is implicit or communicated in indirect ways.

similar cultures in the world

This is one thing almost all humans have in common.

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Cultural Differences