Is the purpose of the death penalty to punish the criminal? The United States is the only westernized democracy, and one of the few democracies worldwide, to not have abolished the death penalty. It eliminates the possibility of an escape and future victims. Capital punishment is reserve today for brutal and heinous crimes, such as first-degree murder.
That includes Private Eddie Slovik, who was executed on January 31, under the conviction of desertion. Financial costs to taxpayers of capital punishment is several times that of keeping someone in prison for life. Umbreit, published in by the Marquette Law Review, found that family members of a victim experience higher levels of behavioral, physical, and psychological health when a perpetrator is given a life sentence that is enforced instead of the death penalty.
By using capital punishment, this threat disappears — which means there will be no future victims either. Crime is at historic lows, but life sentences are nearly 5 times higher today than they were in the s. Frank Thompson discussed his experience in executing to inmates while serving as the superintendent of the Oregon State Penitentiary.
It sends the wrong message: why kill people who kill people to show killing is wrong. There are specific guidelines in the United States today that limit how and when law enforcement can obtain evidence during questioning. For the latter, to avenge a crime committed to another individual may be understandable but killing someone for murdering another person is also unconstitutional.
Some countries, including Sudan and Iran, use the death penalty as a political tool.