Population growth and asian developing countries

India's growth performance after independence until the s was moderate, edging up slowly in the s and s to about 5. From the mids growth in the non-agricultural sector was stimulated by the growth of township and village enterprises TVEs.

The farming sector has diversified production to meet changing food demands. In China, by contrast, the ageing population and sharp decline in population growth due to the one child policy will eventually slow overall economic growth.

Finally, we highlight the lessons learned. The initial increase in production was centred on the irrigated areas of the Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh. In short, despite reforms in state-owned industries in China, India uses capital more efficiently.

It is important to assess the likely impact in order to put in place policies and strategies that anticipate the changes so as to best capitalize on emerging opportunities, while also attenuating whatever anomalies could arise in subsectors that cannot meet the challenges.

population growth in developing countries

Yet due to fairly rapid population growth, absolute numbers in poverty increased from to million 3. Initially most farm households produced food for their own subsistence. There was greater commercialization and diversification of cropping patterns from foodgrains to higher value crops, even for small and marginal farmers.

Table 1 provides a summary of the predictions of the two country reports with regard to net exports and imports in Consequently, they adopted significant policy reforms focused in particular on the production of cereal grains, and concomitantly, the goal of foodgrain self-sufficiency that has shaped Indian agricultural policy ever since Gulati et al.

While agriculture's share in the GDP has been decreasing, the sector still employs a substantial part of the workforce.

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Asia's population and development in retrospect and prospect.