Kings use of kantian reasoning to ground his arguments for the use of nonviolent resistance to segre

But, unlike much radical protest, revolutionary action may seek to persuade the society under that government that a change in regime is required.

Kings use of kantian reasoning to ground his arguments for the use of nonviolent resistance to segre

Does it extend to all acts of civil disobedience or only to those acts that meet certain conditions of justifiability? Thus, on Rawls's view, King's activism is civil disobedience. If a disobedient is punished by the law, it is not for civil disobedience, but for the recognised offences she commits, such as blocking a road or disturbing the peace, or trespassing, or damaging property, etc. The controllers of mainstream media tend to give defenders of unpopular views limited space to make their case. This conception also accommodates vagaries in the practice and justifiability of civil disobedience for different political contexts: it grants that the appropriate model of how civil disobedience works in a context such as apartheid South Africa may differ from the model that applies to a well-ordered, liberal, just democracy. There is some dispute over the kinds of policies that civil disobedients may target through their breach of law. Sagi, Avi and Shapira, Ron, Is it derivative of a right to participate in the political decision-making process? Sunstein, Cass, While commonly taken to refer to pacifist objections to military service, conscientious objection, says Raz, may apply to any law, negative or positive, that a person believes for moral reasons she is compelled to disobey. There are several reasons to take this view. Autobiography, London: Routledge. This is evinced by the fact that usually an offender does not intend to make it known that she has breached the law.

Arendt, Hannah, Civil disobedience remains today very much a vibrant part of liberal democracies and there are significant issues concerning civil disobedience for philosophers to address, particularly in how this practice may be distinguished from more radical forms of protest and how this practice should be treated by the law.

Openness and publicity, even at the cost of having one's protest frustrated, offer ways for disobedients to show their willingness to deal fairly with authorities. In fact, one could argue that those who breach the law in justified civil disobedience demonstrate responsible citizenship or civic virtue.

Immanuel kant theory

The three basic issues of punishment are: Why punish? Acts of terrorisation or large-scale coercive violence are typically associated with a general aim of generating fear and insecurity while keeping any specific aims or demands oblique. What makes you cringe? It would be permissible, if not obligatory, to assist the accident victim, even though doing so will prevent you from picking up your friend. This leaves two options: civil disobedience deserves greater censure or it deserves less censure than ordinary crimes do. When direct disobedience would fail to treat others with respect or would cause far greater harm than either adherence to the law or indirect disobedience would cause, then indirect disobedience has a greater claim to justification. For example, suppose I have voluntarily promised to lend you my rifle next weekend. You reasonably believe that refusal to swear will result in a beating for your friend. Deterrence theories are criticised for treating people as brutes not rational agents capable of responding to moral reasons because the deterrent element of punishment gives people a prudential reason relating to the prospect of punishment , not a moral reason, to refrain from breaching the law.

You reasonably believe that refusal to swear will result in a beating for your friend. On the contrary, Socrates and John Stuart Mill have persuaded many people to believe that questioning and challenging the prevailing views are among the highest forms of virtue Dagger By making an exception of herself and by distancing herself from a legal rule, this ordinary offender communicates a certain disregard for the law.

Murphy, Jeffrie ed.

kant philosophy summary
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Civil Disobedience: King versus Huemer