Kautilya s arthasastra statecraft

kautilya diplomacy

In the absence of governance, the strong will swallow the weak. The bride is given the maximum property inheritance rights when the parents select the groom and the girl consents to the selection Brahma marriageand minimal if bride and groom marry secretly as lovers Gandharva marriage without the approval of her father and her mother.

Whatever we may make of such texts, depending on our ideological needs, our political vantages, and our imaginative capacities, we must remain grateful to scholars like Olivelle, whose immense labor and lucid analysis give us the building blocks with which to make or break, arrange or rearrange our past, our present, and perhaps, with time enough, our future as well.

importance of arthashastra

Translating this vocabulary is itself a stupendous task. Its topics include kingship, governance, and law in early India. It opens by stating that wherever "good people are snubbed, and evil people are embraced" distress increases.

features of arthashastra

In the presence of governance, the weak resists the strong. In the intellectual history of modern India, was a turning point. The spies should be trained to adopt roles and guises, to use coded language to transmit information, and be rewarded by their performance and the results they achieve, states the text.

Kautilya theory of statecraft

Nationalists could argue that Indian antiquity had its own tradition of political thought to rival the Greek. People practise a variety of professions. In the absence of governance, the strong will swallow the weak. All aspects of what we might think of as policy, planning, infrastructure, strategy, security, war, treaties, alliances, law and order, trade, taxation, revenue, property, fortifications, treasury, and defence are covered in a systematic fashion. In Topic 19, chapter 2, the text suggests: The king should grant exemption [from taxes] to a region devastated by an enemy king or tribe, to a region beleaguered by sickness or famine. Even though it does not refer to any historically specific domain, ruler, or set of kingdoms, it is replete with breathtaking empiricism, using a vast and specialised vocabulary to describe in detail a highly urbanised, diversified, and developed economy, polity, and society. To that extent, it is oriented toward realpolitik and reminds the modern reader of Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Schmitt. This essay was originally published in Public Books. Whatever we may make of such texts, depending on our ideological needs, our political vantages, and our imaginative capacities, we must remain grateful to scholars like Olivelle, whose immense labor and lucid analysis give us the building blocks with which to make or break, arrange or rearrange our past, our present, and perhaps, with time enough, our future as well. The Arthashastra, in Topic , Book 7 lists the causes of disaffection, lack of motivation and increase in economic distress among people. Those who lack integrity in financial matters or fall for the lure of money must not be in revenue collection or treasury, states the text, and those who lack integrity in sexual relationships must not be appointed to Vihara services pleasure grounds. The Guptas explicitly modelled themselves on the Mauryas, building an empire whose territorial extension sought to match that of the Mauryan imperium five or six hundred years earlier. It asserts, in chapter 4. Those who are unrighteous, should not work in civil and criminal courts.

Those who are unrighteous, should not work in civil and criminal courts.

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The 'Arthaśāstra' is a manual of statecraft. It is neither a Hindu nor a moral treatise