In the french revolution the peasants
They also unleashed the bloody Reign of Terror la Terreura month period in which suspected enemies of the revolution were guillotined by the thousands.
By the late s, the directors relied almost entirely on the military to maintain their authority and had ceded much of their power to the generals in the field. But this by far was not all.
French peasants 19th century
Misinformation gave credence to their actions, and it did not really seem that the verification of the rumors was necessary. Lefebvre contends that without the king calling an Estates General they would not have moved at all Rumors spread that cavalrymen were wandering around the countryside; a simple group of people coming out of the forest could spread viral rumors about brigands and others hired by nobles who were going to threaten the peasants land and livelihood; one group of the new National Guard was mistaken to be brigands which led to more rumors and upheavals Lefebvre The capture of the Bastille ignited one of the greatest social upheavals in Western history, the French Revolution. By France was broke. The non-aristocratic members of the Third Estate now represented 98 percent of the people but could still be outvoted by the other two bodies. They were the only class which had to pay the taille, the unfair land tax, and they also contributed most to the poll tax Lefebvre Likewise they were the only class which was randomly chosen for military service Lefebvre The peasant revolt also pushed the revolution out of the mere political arena in Paris by violently confronting the nobles who had so long persecuted and used them. An uprising of the peasantry was not an assured matter. Fearing powerlessness, the nobility and landowners joined the National Assembly. Some citizens, however, were more equal than others; women and slaves were excluded, and only property owners could hold seats in the new legislature. He based his findings on school records, migration patterns, military service documents and economic trends.
Royalists and Jacobins protested the new regime but were swiftly silenced by the army, now led by a young and successful general named Napoleon Bonaparte. It is not likely that any of these rumors which spread fear and panic throughout much of France in was organized or planned.
A revolution seemed necessary to apply the ideas of MontesquieuVoltaireor Rousseau. The following summer, the National Assembly created a new constitution.
Arguments for social reform began to be advanced. The peasants endured a long list of inequalities which made them the most overburdened class in France.
The peasants did not wait quietly to hear all of the political outcomes of the Estates General. In the lead-up to the May 5 meeting, the Third Estate began to mobilize support for equal representation and the abolishment of the noble veto — in other words, they wanted voting by head and not by status.
Monarchs tried to stop this reaction of the aristocracyand both rulers and the privileged classes sought allies among the nonprivileged bourgeois and the peasants. France had abolished its monarchy only to find itself under the rule of an emperor.
based on 18 review