He was driven out. During this time, ideas and philosophies were produced. The Age of Pericles With the threat from the east gone Athens begins a fifty year period under the brilliant statesman Pericles BC during which time the Parthenon was built on the Acropolis and the city becomes the artistic, cultural and intellectual as well as commercial center of the Hellenic world, attracting all sorts of smart and interesting people and taking command of the other Greek states.
Athletic fanaticism is yet another gift of the ancient Greeks and by the 2nd century even the priests in Jerusalem were spending more time practicing the discus then they were on their priestly duties.
There were seasonal festivals for the harvest and grape-picking among others as well as astronomical festivals. With the defeat of Persia came a period of prosperity for Athens, a time of great political advancements and many reforms to daily life.
Theseus was to the Athenians what George Washington is to Americans today. After swearing an oath, these Greek city-states, some who were forced to join by threats, begin to rid the land of the last remaining Persians and free the seas of piracy.
When we hear about Ancient Greece, we think about only two major city-states — Athens and Sparta.
Both cities were very different in many ways, the females were raised very differently, and had different duties they had to perform. Such philosophers as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle are considered to be the founders of Western philosophical thought.
This city is associated with the development of the well-known pagan religion based on the Gods who lived on Mount Olympus.