Essay on manpower planning

Essay on manpower planning

Definition of Manpower Planning: Manpower Planning HRP is the process including forecasting, developing implementing and controlling-by which a firm ensures that it has the right number of people and right kind of people, at the right place, at the right time, doing things for which they are economically most suitable. Introduction — Human resource planning is the most valuable assets of organization. Determination of future requirement of manpower in the height of organizational planning and structure are involved in HRR Therefore, HRP depends heavily on these factors Determination of manpower requirements in advance facilitates management to take up essential actions. Higher productivity- Productivity level increases when resources are utilized in best possible manner. It should be efficient and effective in nature. All the above six elements make a system. The labour cost could be controlled or effectively, utilised for maximum possible return on investment. It also helps to reduce the labour cost as excess staff can be identified and thereby overstaffing can be avoided. Performance Rate: Rate of performance or efficiency of workers also changes the manpower requirements. This definition of manpower planning or HRP serves the purpose adequately and most of the definitions are based on this. It is a ongoing process of systematic planning to achieve optimum use. It tries to secure the best from people by winning their whole hearted co —operation. Way the job is performed. Lack of systematic manpower planning has created another type of problem.

Developing employment programmes- Once the current inventory is compared with future forecasts, the employment programmes can be framed and developed accordingly, which will include recruitment, selection procedures and placement plans.

All the above six elements make a system. If the number of hours for which a worker has to work is more, less manpower will be required and vice versa.

manpower planning pdf

But in case of job order industry it is more or less dictated by the consumers. The procedure is as follows: Analysing the current manpower inventory Making future manpower forecasts Design training programmes Steps in Manpower Planning Analysing the current manpower inventory- Before a manager makes forecast of future manpower, the current manpower status has to be analysed.

What is manpower

Trend Analysis: Manpower needs can be projected through extrapolation projecting past trends , indexation using base year as basis , and statistical analysis central tendency measure. If additional staff is required, development plans are designed to ensure a continuing supply of trained workers to take over job as they become vacant either by promotions or by requirements, plans must be designed to absorb them in the organization against future vacancies as it is difficult to terminate them. Lack of systematic manpower planning has resulted in large scale over staffing in many public sector undertakings. While most of the indirect activities are of irregular nature and therefore, there must be some techniques to control the indirect labour activities. Different aspects through which an organization tries to ensure that right people, at night place and at right time are available are included in a H. The confidence level and accuracy of final result should be found out beforehand. Better human relations- A concern can stabilize itself if human relations develop and are strong. Moreover it can be adopted in those units where there exists an experienced well qualified intelligent staff. It also helps to identify the available talents in a concern and accordingly training programmes can be chalked out to develop those talents. By anticipating the need of various types of skill requirements and levels of personnel, a manpower plan will be able to give sufficient time for recruitment, selection and training of such persons. Why do some organizations require relatively complex and comprehensive HR planning systems than do others? Human relations become strong trough effective control, clear communication, effective supervision and leadership in a concern. Other methods: Several Mathematical models, with the aid of computers are used to forecast manpower needs, like budget and planning analysis, regression, new venture analysis. It also helps to reduce the labour cost as excess staff can be identified and thereby overstaffing can be avoided.

It reveals the level to which these capabilities are employed optimally. Process of Manpower Planning: Before manpower planning exercise, suitable parameters have to be set and decisions taken by top management and the manpower planner to work on specifics.

We will see the importance of Human Resource Planning and the essential role it plays in ensuring successful Human Resource Management.

Some other benefits of manpower planning to the organization are: 1. This is the result of lack of systematic planning.

Number of Shifts: It is observed that the production level falls during night shifts instead of day shifts.

Manpower planning process

Constants are population or investment or union role etc. The planning should be economy related. If the workers of higher efficiency are available or working conditions and environment are so created which result in higher worker efficiency then less workers will be required and vice versa. The manpower inventory can provide information to management for the internal succession of managerial personnel, if the turnover is not perceived. The reality is that such a high cost factor has compelled many organization to reconsider their staffing functions and particularly manpower planning and align these with new situations. Many public sector organization have remained jobless for a considerable period of time. It helps in laying down managerial succession plans as a part of the replacement planning process, which is necessitated when job change plans for managers are formulated. Non-availability of proper manpower results in postponement of, or delays in running new projects and expansion programmes, which leads to inefficiency and lower profitability.

A systematic presentation of the literature forms the foundation of the study. Objectives 6.

Importance of manpower planning

In order to realize company objectives, it is essentially to have a human resource plan. Motivation- Staffing function not only includes putting right men on right job, but it also comprises of motivational programmes, i. Then the basic work content of the elements has to be established by using stop watch studies for measurement. On the basis of it manpower requirement can be calculated. This is possible through the staffing and it's related activities Performance appraisal, training and development, remuneration Need of Manpower Planning Manpower Planning is a two-phased process because manpower planning not only analyses the current human resources but also makes manpower forecasts and thereby draw employment programmes. Essay Why do some organizations require relatively complex and comprehensive HR planning systems than do others? Techniques of Manpower Planning: There are two well defined and main techniques of manpower planning of an enterprise. Requirements of Manpower Planning: The following are the essential requirements of a sound manpower planning: 1. It also helps to reduce the labour cost as excess staff can be identified and thereby overstaffing can be avoided. The ongoing process of systematic planning to achieve optimum use of an organization 's most valuable asset is human resources department. This classification could be done on the basis of job description and job analysis as follows: a Job Analysis: Job analysis is the process by which data in respect to each job is systematically observed and noted. Lack of systematic manpower planning has created another type of problem.

Objectives of Manpower Planning: The following are the specific objectives of manpower planning: 1 Making correct estimate of manpower requirements.

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Manpower Planning